Home Heat Transfer
Driving questions: How/why does keeping homes warm impact the temperature of Earth’s atmosphere? How can we decrease this impact yet keep our homes warm and cozy?
Middle and high school students identify visible and invisible products of fuel combustion, then safely investigate heat transfer phenomena involving convection, conduction, and radiation. They figure out how heat moves in and around buildings and test strategies to slow undesired heat transfer. Then they design, insulate and tighten up miniature model homes, testing their designs as part of the engineering process. The class applies their learning to analyze real buildings that they live and work in. Students leave with strategies to hold heat in buildings and a deep understanding of why conserving heat makes a difference to Earth’s climate.
- NGSS Standards Addressed
MS-ESS3-5 Earth & Human Activity: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperature over the past century.
MS-PS3-3 Energy: Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.
MS-PS3-4 Energy: Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.
MS-ETS1-1 Engineering Design: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
MS-ETS1-2 Engineering Design: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
MS-ETS1-4 Engineering Design: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.